Gum disease is a serious condition that starts with bacterial growth in the mouth and can damage your teeth, gums and bone. Gum disease left untreated, may destroy tissue around the teeth leading to tooth loss. The two main types of gum disease are gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis is the more common and mild form of gum disease where symptoms involve inflamed and swollen gums. Gingivitis is caused by plaque buildup, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth.
Untreated gingivitis, can end up leading to periodontitis which is a more serious form of gum disease. This is where the gums and bone pull away from the teeth which causes pockets to form. The pockets then can fill up with debris and get infected. Periodontitis can lead to inflammation, bleeding, and even bone loss.
Treatment options for gum disease typically involve:
Scaling and root planing: This is a deep cleaning procedure that removes plaque and tartar buildup from below the gum line.
Antibiotics: If your dentist or periodontist suspects that you have a bacterial infection, they may prescribe antibiotics.
Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue and bone.
Our tips below can help prevent gum disease:
Brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes each time
Floss at least once a day
Come in for regular dental exams and dental cleanings
Avoid sugary foods and drinks
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